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Local Governments (PNLG)

PEMSEA Network of Local Governments for Sustainable Coastal Development


The PEMSEA Network of Local Governments (PNLG) for Sustainable Coastal Development is recognized as one of the major driving forces in realizing the goals of Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia (SDS-SEA) in its goal to cover 25 percent of the regional coastline with integrated coastal management (ICM) programs by the year 2021. Officially founded in December 2006 in Haikou, China, the PNLG has made major contributions to the SDS-SEA implementation through facilitating the implementation of ICM programs and addressing aspects of sustainable development in various forums and meetings. It also serves as an effective voice of the local governments.

The PNLG continues to facilitate the sustainable development and environmental conservation of marine and coastal resources of East Asia through advocacy, knowledge sharing, forging multi-stakeholder participation and partnerships among local governments, national agencies, civil society groups including NGOs and peoples’ organizations and the private sector.

 The PNLG charter lists the PNLG objectives as follows:

  • To enhance the capacity of local governments to plan, develop and manage their coastal and marine resources for sustainable use;
  • To promote the application of ICM approaches, processes and tools in coastal planning, development and management;
  • To facilitate the linkage between scientific technical institutions and local governments, in order to provide capacity building and scientific input to local government decision-making, policies and programs;
  • To implement innovative financing mechanisms and partnership arrangements for environmental investments with international and national financial institutions, private investors and operating companies, where appropriate;
  • To strengthen multi-stakeholder involvement in managing coastal and marine resources, in order to enhance societal and corporate responsibility for sustainable development of natural resources; and
  • To enhance local coastal governance, as well as interagency and multisectoral coordination mechanisms, in dealing with coastal and ocean management issues.

The PNLG Secretariat holds office in Xiamen, China, and receives financial and technical support within available funding allocations and in accordance with the administrative rules and regulations of PEMSEA.

To date, the PNLG has 53 regular members in 10 countries in the East Asian region, along with 4 associate members. ICM in these locations is mentioned among ocean success stories. We look forward to engaging even more local governments.

To download a more complete briefing, please click here.


Preah Sihanouk, CAMBODIA Bataan, PHILIPPINES
Batangas Province, PHILIPPINES Cavite Province, PHILIPPINES
Karangasem, INDONESIA Klungklung, INDONESIA
Tabanan Regency, INDONESIA Sukabumi Regency, INDONESIA
Shihwa, RO KOREA Chonburi, THAILAND
Da Nang, VIET NAM Quang Nam, VIET NAM
Dongying, CHINA Fangchenggang, CHINA
Haikou, CHINA Quanzhou, CHINA
Thua Thien Hue, VIET NAM Jakarta, INDONESIA
First Institute of Oceanography (Ministry of Natural Resources), CHINA Coastal and Ocean Management Institute (Xiamen University), CHINA
Laoting, CHINA Lianyungang, CHINA
Changwon, RO KOREA Haiyang, CHINA
Jembrana, INDONESIA Qinzhou City, CHINA
Changyi City, CHINA Shima City, JAPAN
Northern Selangor, MALAYSIA Beihai, CHINA
Sepang, MALAYSIA Pingtan, CHINA
Wenzhou, CHINA Ansan, RO KOREA
Kampot Province, CAMBODIA Kep Province, CAMBODIA
Koh Kong Province, CAMBODIA Sanya, CHINA
Liquica City, TIMOR-LESTE Manatuto City, TIMOR-LESTE
Jinjiang City, CHINA Bontang, INDONESIA
Fujian Institute for Sustainable Oceans (Xiamen University), CHINA South Bangka, INDONESIA
Busan, RO KOREA National Ocean Technology Center (Ministry of Natural Resources), CHINA
Gorontalo Province, INDONESIA  

Proceedings of Previous PNLG Forums

2006 Haikou, China (as part of the EAS Congress 2006)  
2007 Da Nang, Viet Nam Addressing Coastal Security by Investing in Natural and Man-made Hazards Prevention and Management
2008 Preah Sihanouk, Cambodia Water Resources Protection, Utilization, and Management
2009 Bataan, Philippines (as part of the EAS Congress 2009) Partnerships at Work: Local Implementation and Good Practices
2010 Chonburi, Thailand Strengthening Oil Spill Preparedness and Response at the Local Level
2011 Dongying, China Achieving Sustainable Blue Economy through Integrated Coastal Management
2012 Changwon, RO Korea (as part of the EAS Congress 2012) Building a Blue Economy: Strategy, Opportunities and Partnerships in the Seas of East Asia
2013  Shima City, Japan Achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, New Satoumi, and Vitalization of Coastal Areas through ICM
2014  Klang, Malaysia Governance and Participation in ICM
2015 Da Nang, Viet Nam (as part of the EAS Congress 2015) Setting the Sustainable Development Agenda for the Seas of East Asia beyond 2015
2016 Ansan, RO Korea Sustainable Future Cities in the Coastal Area through the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals
2017 Sanya, China Conservation to Ecological Restoration of Coastal Areas for Blue Economy
2018 Guimaras, Philippines (as part of the EAS Congress 2018) 25 Years of Partnerships for Healthy Oceans, People and Economies: Moving as One with the Global Ocean Agenda
2019 Xiamen, China Blue Partnership for a Shared Future
2020 Xiamen, China (hybrid event) Marine Eco-Civilizatiom Blue Development
2021 Preah Sihanouk, Cambodia (hybrid event and as part of the EAS Congress 2021) Networking for a New Ocean Decade of Hope
2022 Tangerang Regency, Indonesia  Strengthening Coastal Resilience towards Sustainable Local Blue Economies