Dongying City, located in Yellow River Delta, has a coastline of over 350km. Main income sources of the city are oil industry and agriculture, and major coastal uses include oil exploitation, fishery and aquaculture, salt industry, sea port and tourism.
The Yellow River Delta National Nature Reserve is the second largest coastal wetland in China. The reserve, covering an area of 153,000ha, is home to 1,917 species of wild animals and plants and 269 species of birds. Priority management concerns are the adverse impacts of oil exploitation, potential damage to wetlands due to increasing tourism, rapid increase of aquaculture, and the occurrence of harmful algal blooms.