Integrated Coastal Management Code
The Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) Code was initiated in 2007 by the PEMSEA Resource Facility (PRF), in its efforts to develop and implement a systematic approach to integrated management of marine and coastal resources using the ICM approach. Today, it is recognized as an essential component of national ICM scaling up programmes in several countries and seen as a potential source of revenue for the PRF operation.
The Code encapsulates decades of ICM practices and experiences, particularly in the East Asian region, and has the following features:
- Provides a systematic approach to sustainable coastal development based on international standards for environmental management and quality management, at the local government level
- Facilitates efficient and effective use of available resources through integrated planning, implementation, monitoring and review process
- Uses the “ICM Development and Implementation’’ process as the basis for continual improvement
- Can be applied by any local government who wishes to establish, maintain, improve and seek recognition of their ICM System
- Can be employed to validate the operations of a local government conforming to international management standards, eg., ISO 9001 and ISO 14001
The ICM Code and Recognition System
To achieve recognition, a process needs to undergo the ICM System Development, Implementation and Continual Improvement Process, which comprises four phases:
Phase 1: Initial Status Review
This first phase consists of a system review to establish the current status of the existing process and the ICM System being implemented by the local government.
Phase 2: Strategic Planning
In this phase, the scope of the ICM System is determined and the business process is established. Risk assessment is conducted and the objectives, targets and programmes are then established.
Phase 3: System Development and Documentation
This phase involves the establishment of manuals and procedures to facilitate the control of the process and address identified risks.
Phase 4: Monitoring and Measurement
The policy and programmes of the ICM System is implemented progressively during this phase. The planning and conduct of audits and continual improvement of the ICM System is also implemented.
At the end of these phases, two stages of external audits are done before the final awarding of the recognition.
Future of the ICM Code
The PEMSEA Resource Facility has identified ICM sites in Bataan, Bali and Danang as ICM Code demonstration sites in the region, where on-site training programmes will be conducted. Furthermore, an organized team of ICM and ISO experts and practitioners from within and outside the region will conduct a peer review. Results of the review, together with case studies of the experiences in the selected sites will then be presented to the EAS Partnership Council.
To properly manage the activities related to revisions and updates of the ICM Code, the process related to recognition and the administration of activities for the ICM System services, a Governance System will be in place. Promotion in regional and national events will be pushed through marketing materials, brochures, case studies, the PEMSEA website and presentations. Partnerships with other regional agencies and mechanisms will also be initiated.
The ICM System Recognition, which provides a means to formally evaluate and acknowledge that a local government’s ICM System conforms to the requirements of the Code, will be structured to encourage local governments to strive for excellence through continuous improvement.