The NSOC report provides a comprehensive picture of the ocean economy and its contribution to national economy, incomes, jobs, and well-being as well as the transition towards blue economy – emphasizing the best practices, innovations, investment opportunities, and challenges. It contains information on the state of ocean health upon which the blue economy relies on, in particular, marine water quality; coastal and marine resources; the existing and potential uses of such resources; and the pressures. The report also presents the governance structure – policies, laws, plans, capacity development, and institutional arrangements – and on-going actions to mitigate habitat destruction, pollution, destructive and overfishing, climate change, and other pressures on the coastal and marine environment and ecosystems. Gaps and recommendations are pointed out to improve ocean governance and support a more innovative, inclusive, sustainable and climateresilient blue economy development.
The NSOC Report applied the drivers-pressures-state-impacts-response (DPSIR) framework for the analysis. It also involved review of literature, existing studies and reports, as well as consultations with key government agencies and other stakeholders. Their participation, ideas and perspectives had been crucial to the preparation of this report.
The NSOC report is therefore supportive of evidence-based policy-making and planning as it shows the benefits derived from the oceans as well as the tradeoffs, impacts of human activities, effects of the changing environment and climate, and outlook for blue economy.