ICM Code

The Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) Code was initiated in 2007 by PEMSEA in its efforts to develop and implement a systematic approach to integrated management of marine and coastal resources using the ICM approach. Today, the code is recognized as an essential component of national ICM scaling up programmes in several countries and seen as a potential source of revenue for the PRF operation.

PEMSEA has identified ICM sites in Cambodia, China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam as ICM Code Level 1 demonstration sites in the region. On-site training programmes are being conducted in Batangas province, Philippines to improve the site’s ICM System to fulfill the ICM Code Level 2 requirements.

A governance system is established to properly manage revisions and updates of the ICM Code, the certification process and the administration of activities for ICM System services. Partnerships with other regional agencies and organizations are an important component of building the ICM Code ecosystem.


The Code encapsulates decades of ICM practices and experiences, particularly in the East Asian region, and has the following features:

Provides a systematic approach to sustainable coastal development based on international standards for environmental management and quality management, at the local government level
Applicable by any local government who wishes to establish, maintain, improve and seek certification of their ICM System
Facilitates efficient and effective use of available resources through an integrated planning, implementation, monitoring and review process
Validates the operations of a local government conforming to international management standards, eg., ISO 9001 and ISO 14001
Uses the “ICM Development and Implementation’’ process as the basis for continual improvement